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105 Basic German Words – Best Vocab List for Beginners

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Are you looking for a vocab list that includes the most important German words? You’ve come to the right place. We’ve compiled a list of the 105 most important words that will help you not only survive, but thrive in Germany. From articles over pronouns to verbs and nouns – this is the best list to start learning German as a beginner.

Important German Articles

Basic German Words for Beginners

German Articles are one of the most basic German words you can learn. There are the indefinite articles ein, eine (“a” in English) and the definite articles der, die and das (“the” in English). There is no plural form of the indefinite article (just like in English) and the plural of the definite article is “die”. Whenever you learn a new noun, make sure you learn the corresponding article with the noun.

GermanEnglish
derthe (masculine)
diethe (female/plural)
dasthe (neutral)
eina (male, neutral)
einea (female)


German Pronouns

Pronouns will be your best friends when you address different people around you. Some pronouns have different uses – there are formal and informal ways of addressing someone.

GermanEnglish
ichI
duyou
erhe
sieshe
esit
wirwe
ihryou (plural, informal)
siethey/you (formal)
meinmy
deinyour
seinhis
ihrher
unserour
eueryour (plural, informal)
ihrtheir/your (formal)


Most Important German Nouns

Here are some of the most important German nouns. When comparing this list compared to the other sections, you may notice that all of these German words are capitalized. This is because in German, nouns are capitalized!

GermanEnglish
Mannman
Frauwoman
Kindchild
Mädchengirl
Jungeboy
Haushouse

Most Common German Verbs

German has regular and irregular verbs – you’ll come across all kinds of them on your German learning journey. Here we have compiled the most important and common German Verbs.

GermanEnglish
seinto be
habeto have
gehento go
wollento want
essento eat
trinken to drink
schlafento sleep
sprechento speak
schreibento write
hörento listen
könnento be able to (can)
lernento learn


German Question words

You’ll notice that some German question words are quite similar to the English question words. There are however also some false friends – watch out for “wer” (who) and “wo” (where).

GermanEnglish
werwho
wiehow
wowhere
wannwhen
waswhat
warumwhy
weshalbwhy


Most Common German Adjectives

Adjectives color a language, literally and figuratively, and add richness to any conversation. Pro tip – learn adjectives in contrasting pairs, you will remember them more easily.

GermanEnglish
kleinsmall
grossbig
altold
jungyoung
schönbeautiful
hässlichugly
nahclose
weitfar
kaltcold
warmwarm

German Greetings and Farewells

You’ll see that many greetings and farewells in German feature the word “guten” or “gute”. It means good and initiates expressions such as good morning, good afternoon, good evening or good night, among others. These are important words to added to your German Vocabulary.

GermanEnglish
Hallohello
Guten Morgengood morning
Guten Taghello, welcome, greetings
Guten Abendgood evening
Gute Nachtgood night
Tschüssgoodbye (informal)
Auf Wiedersehengoodbye (formal)
Bis baldsee you later

If video is more your medium, this also a great list of basic German words for beginners.

German Words about Time

The German language has some fun, quirky words that can’t be translated to English such as “vorgestern” to refer to the day before yesterday and “übermorgen”, the day after tomorrow. Check out the different words to express time below.

GermanEnglish
heutetoday
morgentomorrow
übermorgenthe day after tomorrow
gesternyesterday
vorgesternthe day before yesterday
nächste Wochenext week
letzte Wochelast week
Sekundesecond
Minuteminute
Stundehour
Tagday
Woche week
Jahryear
Wochentagday of the week
Wochenendeweekend
MontagMonday
DienstagTuesday
MittwochWednesday
DonnerstagThursday
FreitagFriday
SamstagSaturday
SonntagSunday

Other Basic German Words

These are some other “miscellaneous” words that are very frequently used and most basic German words. You’ll no doubt encounter them often.

GermanEnglish
jayes
neinno
dankethank you
bitteplease
EntschuldigungI’m sorry, excuse me
Wie gehts?How are you?
undand
oderor
aberbut
weilbecause
hierhere
dathere
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