Saying hello can break the ice in new situations with new people and create a friendly atmosphere from the beginning. Hello in German is simply hallo which you may already know. But what about Na or Moin?
The German language offers a variety of greetings for each situation. In this post, we’ll teach you 23 different ways of saying hello in not only Germany but in Austria and Switzerland as well!
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Hello in German at a Glance
General Hello in German
Hello in German by Asking How Are You
How's it going?
Hello in German for Different Times of Day
Hello in Switzerland
Hello in Austria
The General Hello in German
Hallo is the most common and widely used form of saying hello in German. Although it is not formal, it can be used in almost all settings and is used in the workplace, in public, or with friends and family.
Hallöchen is actually the German diminutive of Hallo. It is a colloquial word used in a joking manner in informal settings. It can also be used when you are surprised to see someone or receive an unexpected visit.
Halli-Hallo is similar to hallöchen and gives dad joke vibes. It is an informal and joking way of saying hello.
Hi is the preferred way to say hello for younger folks. You will hear it between friends and family but also in informal workplaces. Smaller firms with a younger demographic are usually quite informal in Germany and might use hi as their preferred greeting.
This one doesn’t need any translation – hey is “hey” both in English and German. Similar to hi, young people predominantly use it.
Na? is most commonly asked as a question. Similar to “what’s up?” or “how’s it going?” it doesn’t always require an answer. It is used in informal settings, mostly between younger people. Although it has its origins in the North of Germany.
Jo , the second two-letter greeting in this list, is the most informal one here. Similar to the English “Yo” it is most often used between young people who know each other well. Don’t try this one out on a business trip to Frankfurt.
Moin is the preferred greeting of people in the North of Germany. Although you might initially believe that it resembles Guten Morgen (good morning) it is actually used as a simple “hello” all day long. Sometimes it is shortened to Moi.
Grüß Gott is another popular greeting in the South. While it means “blessings” it is more of a cultural than a religious thing and is used by people from all kinds of religious backgrounds. This expression is used in all settings regardless of formality.
Grüße Dich is similar to Grüß Gott but omits the holy presence and can be loosely translated with something like “greetings”. This expression too is found predominantly in the South of the country.
In the South of Germany Servus is a popular way of saying “hello”. Did you know that variations of it are also used in Austria, Poland, Slovenia, Croatia, Hungary, Slovakia, and Romania?
Saying Hello in German By Asking How Are You
In German, similar to in English, asking someone How are you? or What’s Up? is a common way of greeting someone.
“Everything good?” – Alles klar? is another popular way of saying “hello” in German. You can choose whether to give a longer or shorter answer to this. A simple Ja, alles klar (yes, all good) is enough.
Technically Wie geht’s? means “How is it going?” but it is just as often used as a greeting. A lot of Germans, particularly in the South of the country, Germans will respond to Wie geht’s with an actual account of how they are doing – so avoid this expression if you’re not up for small talk.
Was gibt’s Neues?
Was gibt’s Neues? is even more of an invitation to have a conversation. This popular expression means “What’s new?” and is frequently used to say hello.
Hello in German for Different Times of Day
Guten Morgen – which you might already have guessed means “good morning” and is a way of saying “hello” in the morning. In Germany, it is considered polite to always say a greeting as you enter a business or a room. Guten Morgen is used until around noon.
Guten Tag is the more formal way of saying hello in German. It literally translates to “good day” but is used similar to “hello” in more formal settings, especially when you meet someone for the first time. Most businesses use Guten Tag with their clients.
Guten Abend is used to say “good evening” and the greeting can be used starting around 6pm. It is a more formal expression than Guten Tag and Guten Morgen and is frequently heard when you enter a restaurant at night.
How to Say Hello In Switzerland
All the expressions that are used in Germany can also be used and will be understood in Switzerland and Austria. But there are a couple of local expressions that we will show you below.
Hoi is an informal greeting that means “hello”. We like it because it’s easier to pronounce than some of the others. Did you know that the word hoi has only been present since the 20th century?
Grüezi is the most common and popular Swiss way of saying “hello”. Be careful, if you want to use Swiss and Austrian greetings, make sure that your pronunciation is correct, Grüezi is actually pronounced “Grü -ezi”.
Grüessech is another variation of Grüezi and is most often heard in and around the Swiss city of Bern. Both versions are formal expressions and not to be confused with the German Grüss Dich which is informal.
How to Say Hello in Austria
Remember the word Servus from earlier in the post? Servas is its Austrian neighbor. It is the most widely used expression, both formal and informal. Servus and Servas can also be used to say “goodbye”.
Griass Di is an informal greeting reserved for friends and family derived from Grüss Dich. You will hear it in Austria and at times in the German region of Bavaria.
Ciao is the Italian-influenced way of saying “hello” in Austria. It is most often used in Vienna and considering that a quarter of Austrians live in Vienna, it’s worth knowing about it. It can be used informally.
Did you know that the first-ever printed book was in German? No wonder there are so many words to say a simple “hello”. How do you choose the correct one? When in doubt, smile at the other person and see what their greeting is. Whatever they choose, you can safely mimic it and say it back at them. Over time you’ll develop a good feeling for which greeting is appropriate in every situation.