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How to Respond to ¿Cómo estás? – 19 Replies Used by Locals

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Cómo estás, just like its English equivalent “How are you?”, is mostly a rhetorical question. Most times, people don’t really want to know how you are doing; they’re just being polite. But that doesn’t mean that your response has to be plain or insincere! There are a lot of options besides Bien, ¿y tú?. In this article, you’re going to learn the response to ¿Cómo está? that suits you just right. 

Read next: 18 Ways to Say How Are You in Spanish

Responses to Cómo Estás at a Glance

Spanish

English

Standard responses

Excelente

Excellent

Todo bien

Everything’s good

Muy bien

Very well

Normal

Normal

Más o menos

So-so

No muy bien

Not so good

Mal

Bad

Fatal

Awful

When you're feeling great

De maravilla

Wonderful

¡Genial!

Great!

Como nunca

Like never before

Nunca me he sentido mejor

I’ve never felt better

When you're just ok

Regular

Regular

No me quejo

Can't complain

Como siempre

As usual / Same ol, same ol

When you're not doing well

Pésimo

Terribly

Horrible

Horribly

Destruido / Destruida

I’m destroyed

Aquí , aguantando

Hanging in there

Standard responses to ¿Cómo estás?

Response to como esta how are you

If you want to reply to ¿Cómo estás? with ease, you should learn these standard responses. These are the most common ones, appropriate for almost any context. 

SpanishEnglish
Excelente Excellent
Todo bien Everything’s good
Muy bien Very well
Normal Normal
Más o menos So-so
No muy bien Not so good
Mal Bad
Fatal Awful

Read next: 100 Must-Know Basic Spanish Words For Beginners (with Audio)

Using ¿Y tú? and ¿Y usted? to Respond to Cómo estás

Always remember that, after responding, you should ask how the other person is. The polite thing to do is to follow every response with a gentle ¿Y tú? If you’re in a formal context (that is, the other person is older than you or very respectable), you may want to be a little more formal and say ¿Y usted?

Feeling confused? Don’t worry, choosing between ¿Y tú? and ¿Y usted? is easier than it seems. You just have to listen to the other person. If he or she says ¿Cómo estás?, with an “s” at the end, you can use ¿Y tú?; if he or she says ¿Cómo está? (without the final “-s”), you should use ¿Y usted? Let’s see some examples:

Formal setting:

Spanish
Q: ¿Cómo está?
A: Bien, ¿y usted?

English
Q: How are you?
A: Good, and you?

Informal/Casual setting:

Spanish
Q: ¿Cómo estás?
A: Todo bien, ¿y tú?

English
Q: How are you?
A: Everything’s good, and you?

Responses When You’re Feeling great

If you’re in a very good mood, here you’ll find an appropriate response to ¿Cómo estás?

SpanishEnglish
De maravilla Wonderful
¡Genial! Great!
Como nunca Like never before
Nunca me he sentido mejor I’ve never felt better

Responses When You’re Just Ok

¿Everything is just… ok? That’s ok, we can’t always be feeling on top of the world. Here are some options when things are ‘meh’.

SpanishEnglish
Regular Regular
No me quejo Can’t complain
Como siempre As usual / Same ol, same ol

Read next: 4 Ways to Say How Are You Feeling in Spanish

Responses When You’re Not Doing Well

Everyone has a bad day once in a while. Here’s how to express it:

SpanishEnglish
Pésimo Terribly
Horrible Horribly
Destruido / Destruida I’m destroyed
Aquí , aguantando Hanging in there

Conclusion

As you can see, there is more than one reply to ¿Cómo está? You can use the happy, cheerful ¡De maravilla!, or the pessimistic Pésimo. It’s your choice! In any case, you can now respond when another person asks how you are in Spanish. Now, you’re ready to initiate small talk! 

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